gns3 switching

GngoghGngogh Member Posts: 164 ■■■□□□□□□□
Hi,

I'm doing a switching lab in gns3 and im trying to tag the native vlan. As im not able to find any command to do so, im wondering if this is possible using the switch module nm-16esw?

Comments

  • martell1000martell1000 Member Posts: 389
    The nm-16esw module has very limited switching support. If you want to do switching in GNS3 better use the new version 1.1 and use IOU.
    And then, I started a blog ...
  • Admiral AkmirAdmiral Akmir Member Posts: 40 ■■□□□□□□□□
    I've been using the 16 port switch module, can you explain what IOU is, and why it's better?
  • martell1000martell1000 Member Posts: 389
    IOU is Ios on Unix, it offers almost full switch simulation without taking much cpu resources. you use a virtual linux machine on your computer which holds the IOU images, its a bit tricky to install but if you have it running its much much better than the nm16 module.

    check out my blog in my signature, i have written an install guide just today.
    And then, I started a blog ...
  • GngoghGngogh Member Posts: 164 ■■■□□□□□□□
    hi, ive been checking your blog and it looks really great.. i havent try it yet.. im just wondering if the CLI of IOU is similar to the IOS??
  • martell1000martell1000 Member Posts: 389
    once integrated into GNS3 the IOU images just behave like any other IOS device image, expect you are cannot add interfaces as far as i know.

    but they have more than enough interfaces to do everything you will ever need.
    And then, I started a blog ...
  • Admiral AkmirAdmiral Akmir Member Posts: 40 ■■□□□□□□□□
    I imported the OVA file into virtualbox, set it as host only adapter, but it doesn't get an IP address, so I can't go to upload my IOU image.
  • martell1000martell1000 Member Posts: 389
    be sure to check firewall/antisvirus settings, try to log on with username root and password cisco and use the ifconfig command to assign an ip address manually
    And then, I started a blog ...
  • GngoghGngogh Member Posts: 164 ■■■□□□□□□□
    What about ram mem for this ova file.. can i use just 512 or it as to be 2048???
  • martell1000martell1000 Member Posts: 389
    i reduced the amout to 512 and ran a lil test for you, the vm starts up and i didnt notice any problems when throwing in 3 switches and setting up a lil spanning tree scenario, however i dont know how stuff will be if you add a truckload of devices, but i assume that reducing the amount of ram might lead to some slowdowns/crashes when creating huge topologies. however for 3-4 switches it is probably just fine.
    And then, I started a blog ...
  • Admiral AkmirAdmiral Akmir Member Posts: 40 ■■□□□□□□□□
    Alright, so I put an IP address on it, I can ping it from windows command line, but GNS3 said that "no connection could be made because the target machine actively refused it."
  • martell1000martell1000 Member Posts: 389
    that shows that the machine exists but that it has no services listening on the specified port, probably there is a firewall stopping the request. disable windows firewall and try again

    if this was the reason you can create a rule that this traffic is allowed later on
    And then, I started a blog ...
  • Admiral AkmirAdmiral Akmir Member Posts: 40 ■■□□□□□□□□
    Okay, so another edit, I got the switches fired up, did some show commands, seems all good, but STP doesn't seem to be present. I hooked 3 IOU switches together and did a sho span and it said there weren't any instances of STP running, what gives?
  • martell1000martell1000 Member Posts: 389
    did you "no shut" the interfaces?
    what image did you use?
    post a screenshot of your topology
    And then, I started a blog ...
  • Admiral AkmirAdmiral Akmir Member Posts: 40 ■■□□□□□□□□
    Hmmm, it's not working again, with the error connection actively refused. I turned off firewall and antivirus, still nothing.

    I'm assuming it tries to connect to a service on the vm... Is there a way to tell if that service is running? I did a port scan of the VM and the only port open is SSH, so I'm guessing that it can't connect because the port it's trying to reach isn't open.
  • martell1000martell1000 Member Posts: 389
    did you try another IOU L2 image file (some are reportes not working)?
    is the content of your license file correct?
    what name does your license file have (iourc.txt or .iourc)?
    if you restart the vm can you connect again?
    And then, I started a blog ...
  • GngoghGngogh Member Posts: 164 ■■■□□□□□□□
    Hi martell1000!!!

    Is there any feature that do not work in IOU.. as i read in a website that they are not fully working..

    which layer 2 technologies have you tried in your labs???
  • martell1000martell1000 Member Posts: 389
    Hi, I dont have a full overview about the features yet, but I am planning to go through the CCNP switch workbook with IOU during the next week. If you guys want I can provide an overview on discorouter.com since there seems to be quiete a demand for gns3 IOU information.

    Only thing I can tell you is that I got VLANS, spanning tree, L3 switching and VTP version 1 working, however version 2 gave me some troubles. Heard rumors that ISL trunks are not supportet either but on the faq they say that you can have 90% of the features of a real switch if you use the right image. Seems like we need to do some testing on this...
    And then, I started a blog ...
  • alan2308alan2308 CISSP, MCSA 2008, MCSA 2012, CCNA R&S, CCNA Security Ann Arbor, MIMember Posts: 1,854 ■■■■■■■■□□
    @martell1000 I found your blog through Google not too long after you wrote that post. Keep up the good work!

    @Gngogh: I also came across this, which lists whats missing. Not sure how complete it is though.
  • GngoghGngogh Member Posts: 164 ■■■□□□□□□□
    Hi, I dont have a full overview about the features yet, but I am planning to go through the CCNP switch workbook with IOU during the next week. If you guys want I can provide an overview on discorouter.com since there seems to be quiete a demand for gns3 IOU information.

    Only thing I can tell you is that I got VLANS, spanning tree, L3 switching and VTP version 1 working, however version 2 gave me some troubles. Heard rumors that ISL trunks are not supportet either but on the faq they say that you can have 90% of the features of a real switch if you use the right image. Seems like we need to do some testing on this...

    AS you already did a Tutorial on how to configure IOU in GNS3, I think its a good idea to provide some overview information about GNS3 IOU on your website
  • GngoghGngogh Member Posts: 164 ■■■□□□□□□□
    Hi.

    i have upgraded to gns3 1.1, but now im having some problems with the idle pc.. i have to run it every time i start the topology and in some cases wont go below 100% . anybody is having the same problem??
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