cisco 4500 output drops

GngoghGngogh Member Posts: 165 ■■■□□□□□□□
Hi, I have a access switch with a 10gb upstream interface and a 1gb downstream interface, i can see from the show interfaces [int] that traffic is being dropped on the upstream downstream direction.

TenGigabitEthernet1/1 is up, line protocol is up (connected)
Hardware is Ten Gigabit Ethernet Port, address is f4cf.e213.7e30 (bia f4cf.e213.7e30)
Description: MATE.A01
MTU 1500 bytes, BW 1000000 Kbit/sec, DLY 10 usec,
reliability 255/255, txload 5/255, rxload 1/255
Encapsulation ARPA, loopback not set
Keepalive set (10 sec)
Full-duplex, 1000Mb/s, link type is auto, media type is 1000BaseSX
input flow-control is on, output flow-control is on
ARP type: ARPA, ARP Timeout 04:00:00
Last input 00:00:45, output never, output hang never
Last clearing of "show interface" counters never
Input queue: 0/2000/0/0 (size/max/drops/flushes); Total output drops: 7556661
Queueing strategy: Class-based queueing
Output queue: 0/40 (size/max)
5 minute input rate 5364000 bits/sec, 1098 packets/sec
5 minute output rate 22402000 bits/sec, 2980 packets/sec
863690200 packets input, 401065551603 bytes, 0 no buffer
Received 6568826 broadcasts (1428513 multicasts)
0 runts, 0 giants, 0 throttles
0 input errors, 0 CRC, 0 frame, 0 overrun, 0 ignored
0 input packets with dribble condition detected
2787171938 packets output, 1962145408543 bytes, 0 underruns
0 output errors, 0 collisions, 4 interface resets
0 unknown protocol drops
0 babbles, 0 late collision, 0 deferred
0 lost carrier, 0 no carrier
0 output buffer failures, 0 output buffers swapped out
Most probably the cause of these drops are due to the fact that the traffic is comming from a higher bandwitdh interface to a lower bandwith one. the buffer gets full quickly and the switch as to discard some packets.

Is there a command where i can see the packet drops at a buffer level? Are there more causes for output drops? how can i troubleshoot these output drops more in detail?


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    tunerXtunerX Member Posts: 447 ■■■□□□□□□□
    The serialization rate of the aggregate upstream senders is greater than that of the downstream interface. With older equipment it is pretty much a given when you have mismatched higher throughput aggregate speeds feeding into a lower speed link.

    You are either seeing sustained UDP with a constant drop or microbursts with intermittent drop. If it is sustained UDP you need to throttle the senders.

    If it is microbursts Nexus and 4500X can adjust, other older systems will rely on TCP window throttling or modification of buffers and queues.

    If you want to measure and analyze the bursts. You can get a computer with a 10 gig interface to SPAN traffic at the 10 gig. Then change the resolution of the wireshark graphs to sub second resolution and look for bursts above the 1 gig mark. Those would be your microbursts. Then you can look at ports and protocols during the spike to see what systems/applications are bursting above the output serialization rate.

    There isn't going to be a show command to show output drop causes from bursting.

    Wireshark Use to Identify Bursty Traffic on Catalyst Switches - Cisco
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    thomas_thomas_ Member Posts: 1,012 ■■■■■■■■□□
    @tunerX - Thank you for posting that link, it was an interesting read.
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    GngoghGngogh Member Posts: 165 ■■■□□□□□□□
    Hi, thanks for the reply, i totally forgot that i have applied on that interface class-based queueing and i could see from the output that i have loads of drops on the class-default.

    Class-map: class-default (match-any)
    19731402087 packets
    Match: any
    queue limit 1504 packets
    (queue depth/total drops) 0/0
    (bytes output) 6794488568175
    bandwidth remaining 25%
    Probabilistic Drops: 117901 Packets
    Belligerent Flow Drops: 7785763 Packets

    The class-default is droping Belligerent Flows (UDP aggressive flows) which consume large amount of buffers, and drop this aggressive flow data while trying to keep as much of the fragile flow or adaptive flows such as TCP flows or fragile flows. This is a congestion avoidance technique used on the Supervisor Engine of the 4500.

    Also i will try and capture traffic to see if i can find any bursty traffic. Thanks again.
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