At what capacity do you script?

phoeneousphoeneous Go ping yourself...Member Posts: 2,333 ■■■■■■■□□□
Just a feeler question/skills check. For those more exposed to networking than systems, at what capacity do you do any python/perl/bash scripting? What sort of tasks do you script for?

Comments

  • shodownshodown Member Posts: 2,271
    when you have 500 devices to configure and they are all the same.
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  • astorrsastorrs Member Posts: 3,139 ■■■■■■□□□□
    - When it's a task that's going to be repeated again and again (especially if performed by different people) to ensure it's always done the same way
    - When the time to script it is <= the time to do it manually
  • phoeneousphoeneous Go ping yourself... Member Posts: 2,333 ■■■■■■■□□□
    I guess I should've asked, how much do you script on a daily basis? Thats what I meant by capacity.
  • fiftyofiftyo Member Posts: 71 ■■□□□□□□□□
    phoeneous wrote: »
    I guess I should've asked, how much do you script on a daily basis? Thats what I meant by capacity.
    Bash oneliners, all day erryday
  • onesaintonesaint Member Posts: 801
    Our network engineers do little to no scripting and are very Windows friendly. We on the systems side end up scripting everything and have a very good grasp of the network.

    The smartest network engineers I know can script just as well as I can as a Linux Admin (Python / Perl, Bash, etc.). Those folks are worth their weight in gold and are paid accordingly.

    ETA: scripting is called for when repetitive tasks are found. That can happen as little as once a week or as often as daily. I think the answer is largely dependant on the engineer's scripting ability and the demand within the network. Or how lazy the person is! :D
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  • phoeneousphoeneous Go ping yourself... Member Posts: 2,333 ■■■■■■■□□□
    fiftyo wrote: »
    Bash oneliners, all day erryday

    Can you post a few examples?
  • fiftyofiftyo Member Posts: 71 ■■□□□□□□□□
    phoeneous wrote: »
    Can you post a few examples?
    Depends on what I'm doing, however it's usually shooting out show commands to multiple switches in which case it looks something like;
    cat <file with switchnames>| while read line; do <ssh script for auto login> -c "show <insert what to show>" >> $line.log; done
    or if you configure you'd need to shoot multiple commands in most cases;
    while read line; do <ssh script> <<EOF;configure; set <w/e>;EOF;done <file with names
    can also be done via
    while read line; do <ssh script> -c "configure; set <w/e>;";done <file with names
    In this case I'm pretty luck and already have files with name of all the switches, however seeing it's both outofband and inband switches you have to edit them with awk/sed. SSH script is done by expect.
    It's early in the morning and written by hand so there might be some errors :)
    As of right now I'm trying to learn python.
  • phoeneousphoeneous Go ping yourself... Member Posts: 2,333 ■■■■■■■□□□
    Im starting to play around with bash scripts for use with the net-snmp library. I did a lot of vb in college so at least some of the underlying concepts are the same i.e. loops, variables, etc..
  • pertpert Member Posts: 250
    I never script, not ever. I may in the future though.
  • veritas_libertasveritas_libertas CISSP, GIAC x5, CompTIA x5 Greenville, SC USAMember Posts: 5,746 ■■■■■■■■■■
    I started studying Powershell yesterday. Cool stuff. After that I'm going to start on Python.

    http://cli.learncodethehardway.org/book/

  • moreland11moreland11 Member Posts: 24 ■□□□□□□□□□
    Can someone send me a link on the scripting used with Cisco Switches ?? I'm very interested in this. I've had some experience on the server side with powershell,vbs, and batch files. Speeding up the process of finding popped ports or a mac address on switch would be great. Also I often have to change port configs from one access vlan to another and setup voice vlan with priority. Thanks!!
  • lsud00dlsud00d Member Posts: 1,571
    I started studying Powershell yesterday. Cool stuff. After that I'm going to start on Python.

    http://cli.learncodethehardway.org/book/


    I like how Powershell commands are aliased to linux commands (MS did something right!), but those dern cmdlets are a bore :yawn:
  • ptilsenptilsen Member Posts: 2,835 ■■■■■■■■■■
    Just to chime in, Cmdlets are no bore if you're working primarily in a Windows-centric role. Cmdlets have saved me a lot of time compared to writing equivalent commands in batch or vbscript or using GUI tools. It's literally five times as much work at a minimum to do a shell or WMI call in vbscript than to use a cmdlet that's designed to do what you need the call for in vbscript, and cmdlets cover about 75% of what you would do (maybe 80% in 3.0). Easier, simpler syntax and clearer debugging means almost everything is faster to write. Of the major changes in PowerShell, aliasing to Linux commands is probably the least interesting or important for anyone not from a Linux background. Even for people from a Linux background, it's not like BASH really translates to PowerShell. A few simple commands are aliased, but the platforms are still very different.

    Anyway, as far as scripted network device configuration goes, I would probably use PowerShell if using Windows and Python if not, or just Python if I didn't know PowerShell. Bash would be a third choice.

    Astorr's answer is the best pretty much regardless of the context of the question. Whether it's systems or networking, those are about the only criteria to consider.
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  • Ryan82Ryan82 Member Posts: 428
    If it's going to be repeated more than once, script it.
  • amb1s1amb1s1 Member Posts: 408
    I do script on the daily basic using python. I used it for creating reports. Let say that we want to know if we have the standard IOS on all of our switches (more than 1k switches). I do a python script that will go and ssh into each device and will grab the IOS version and save all that info in an spreadsheet. Also, if we have a project, I create a pre and post script to audit everything that was touch. Is pretty cool especially when you work on a big company, you see different department fighting for your time.
    David G.
    http://gomezd.com <
    My Tshoot test Blog
    http://twitter.com/ipnet255
  • veritas_libertasveritas_libertas CISSP, GIAC x5, CompTIA x5 Greenville, SC USAMember Posts: 5,746 ■■■■■■■■■■
    @amb1s1: Very cool. I would be interested in seeing the scripts.
  • amb1s1amb1s1 Member Posts: 408
    I would post later on. I use couple of python module. I started learning python like just 6 month ago. I'm now working on making my scripts look better because my scripts work, bu they are ugly. I just need more experience.
    David G.
    http://gomezd.com <
    My Tshoot test Blog
    http://twitter.com/ipnet255
  • NetworkVeteranNetworkVeteran Member Posts: 2,338 ■■■■■■■■□□
    Rarely. If it's about automating a repetitive task, there's usually someone I can delegate it to, and have it done tomorrow. I am glad I have expert scripting skills, so I know when it can help, for when I need it now, and so I can check those engineers' work!
    Or how lazy the person is!
    Laziness invented scripting. :)
  • amb1s1amb1s1 Member Posts: 408
    I uploaded the code with all the files needed to my github:
    https://github.com/amb1s1/config_pull

    Here is the code of the main script, but is better if you download the script from github because there is more files that it needs and the format get messup in here:
    I also put the code on my blog: ipnet.tumblr.com
    #!/usr/bin/python
    # Version 1.0
     
    import os,sys,string
    sys.path.append('/home/user/python/lib/lib/python')
    import pexpect
    import xlwt
    import credential
     
    os.system('rm Devices_Config_Pull.xls') #This will remove previews created spreadsheet
    os.system('rm Devices_Config_Pull.zip') #This will remove previews created zip
     
    list_devices=open('list.txt').readlines() #This will read the list of devices that file is on the same location as the script
     
     
    email, UID, passwd, enable = credential.cred() #This is a module that I created that will store all of credential
    connection = sys.argv[1]
    connection = int(connection)
     
     ### If the argument is 1 it will telnet into the devices if the argument is 2 it will ssh into the devices
    if connection == 1:
            tunnel = 'telnet '
           conmess = 'telnet'
    elif connection == 2:
            tunnel = ('ssh -o StrictHostKeyChecking=no -l ' + UID + ' ')
            conmess = 'SSH'
    ######## This for loop block. is the loop for telnet/ssh into the devices
     
    wbk = xlwt.Workbook() #Create an excel workbook
    font = xlwt.Font() 
    font.bold = True
    style = xlwt.XFStyle()
    style.font = font
     
    for i in list_devices:
             rowHostname = 0
             rowIp = 1
             rowTittle = 2
             rowOutput = 4
             col1 = 0
             IP = ""
             IP2 = ""
             x = i.strip().split()
             if len(x) == 2:
                    r = 0
             else:
                    r =1
             while r<3:
     
                     if r == 1:
     
                            hostname, IP,IP2 = i.strip().split()
                            print r
                            print IP
                            print IP2
                            print hostname
                            sheet = wbk.add_sheet(hostname)
                            f_write = file (hostname+'_Device_1.txt','wb')
                            sheet.write(rowHostname,0,hostname+"_Device_1", style)
                            sheet.write(rowIp,0,"IP: "+IP, style)
                            sheet.write(rowTittle,0,"Config", style)
     
                     elif r == 2:
     
                            IP = IP2
                            col1 = 1
                            sheet.write(rowHostname,1,hostname+"_Device_2", style)
                            f_write = file (hostname+'_Device_2.txt','wb')
                            sheet.write(rowIp,1,"IP: "+IP, style)
                            sheet.write(rowTittle,1,"Config", style)
     
                     elif r == 0:
     
                            hostname, IP = i.strip().split()
                            print r
                            print IP
                            print IP2
                            print hostname
                            sheet = wbk.add_sheet(hostname)
                            f_write = file (hostname+'_Device_1.txt','wb')
                            sheet.write(rowHostname,0,hostname+"_Device_1", style)
                            sheet.write(rowIp,0,"IP: "+IP, style)
                            sheet.write(rowTittle,0,"Config", style)
                            r=3
                     r+=1
     
                     print "connecting to " + IP +" " +hostname
                     print 'trying to ' + conmess +' ' + IP
                     child = pexpect.spawn(tunnel + IP)
                     m = child.expect (['assword:','[Ll]ogin:','[Uu]sername',pexpect.TIMEOUT,pexpect.EOF])
                     if m==0:
                            child.sendline(passwd)
                     elif m==1:
                            child.sendline(UID)
                                     elif m==2:
                                                    child.sendline(UID)
                     elif m==3:
                            print "login error"
                            continue
                     elif m==4:
                            print "no login prompt error"
                            continue
     
     
                     q = child.expect (['>','[Pp]assword',pexpect.TIMEOUT,pexpect.EOF])
                     if q==0:
                            child.sendline ('ena')
                     elif q==1:
                            
                            child.sendline (passwd)
                     elif q==2:
                            print "wrong password or wait too long for prompt"
                            sheet.write(rowOutput,col1,'Wrong Password')
                            rowOutput+=1
                            continue
                     elif q==3:
                            sheet.write(rowOutput,col1,'Prompt Timeouts')
                            rowOutput+=1
                            continue
     
     
                     q = child.expect (['assword:','>',pexpect.TIMEOUT,pexpect.EOF])
                     if q==0:
                            child.sendline (enable)
                     elif q==1:
                            child.sendline ('enable')
                     elif q==2:
                            sheet.write(rowOutput,col1,'Wrong Password')
                            rowOutput+=1
                            continue
                     elif q==3:
                            sheet.write(rowOutput,col1,'Prompt Timeout')
                            rowOutput+=1
                            continue
     
                     q = child.expect (['>','[Pp]assword',pexpect.TIMEOUT,pexpect.EOF, '#'])
                     if q==0:
                            child.sendline ('ena')
                     elif q==1:
                            
                            child.sendline (enable)
                     elif q==2:
                            sheet.write(rowOutput,col1,'Wrong Password')
                            rowOutput+=1
                            continue
                     elif q==3:
                            sheet.write(rowOutput,col1,'Prompt Timeout')
                            rowOutput+=1
                            continue
                     elif q==4:
                            child.sendline(' ')
                     q = child.expect (['>','[Pp]assword',pexpect.TIMEOUT,pexpect.EOF, '#'])
                     if q==0:
                            sheet.write(rowOutput,col1,'Wrong Enable Password')
                            rowOutput+=1
                            continue
                     elif q==1:
                            sheet.write(rowOutput,col1,'Wrong Enable Password')
                            rowOutput+=1
                            continue
                     elif q==2:
                            sheet.write(rowOutput,col1,'Wrong Password')
                            rowOutput+=1
                            continue
                     elif q==3:
                            sheet.write(rowOutput,col1,'Prompt Timeout')
                            rowOutput+=1
                            continue
                     elif q==4:
                            child.sendline(' ')
                                    print 'Im OK'
                     child.expect('#')
                     child.sendline ('show run | in hostname') #For grabbing the device histname
                     child.expect('#')
                     host=child.before
                     join =host.split(" ")
                     host = join[5]
                     join1=host.splitlines()
                     host = join1[0]
                     child.sendline ('term len 0')
     
                     print 'pass term'
                     # This is the end of the process to ssh/telnet into the devices
    
    
                     #Here start to grab the show run information
                     command = 'sh run'
                     q = child.expect ([host+'#',pexpect.TIMEOUT,pexpect.EOF])
                     if q==0:
                             child.logfile_read = f_write
                             child.sendline (command)
                     elif q==1:
                             print "command not working " + i
                             continue
                     elif q==2:
                             print "command not working" + i
                             continue
     
                     command = 'show clock'
                     q = child.expect ([host+'#',pexpect.TIMEOUT,pexpect.EOF])
                     if q==0:
                            config = child.before
                            config = config.split("\n")
                            rowOutput = 4
                            for i in config:
                                    sheet.write(rowOutput,col1,i)
                                    rowOutput+=1
                            child.sendline (command)
     
     
                     elif q==1:
                             print "command not working " + i
                             continue
                     elif q==2:
                             print "command not working" + i
                             continue
     
     
                     child.expect('#')
                     f_write.close()
                     child.sendline('exit')
                     sheet.col(0).width = 6000
                     sheet.col(1).width = 6000
     
    wbk.save('Devices_Config_Pull.xls') #Saving the spreadsheet
    os.system('zip Devices_Config_Pull Devices_Config_Pull.xls') #Send this command to the OS, in my case I use linux
    os.system('uuencode Devices_Config_Pull.zip Devices_Config_Pull.zip | mailx -s "Devices Configs - Spreadsheet" ' +email) #Again using the OS Command to send an email with an attachemt
    print ('Sending the zip file to ' +email+'.Please check your email in couple of minutes')
    
    David G.
    http://gomezd.com <
    My Tshoot test Blog
    http://twitter.com/ipnet255
  • networker050184networker050184 Mod Posts: 11,962 Mod
    Yeah I've seen a bit of TCL used in the real world. Junos scripts are pretty cool on the Juniper side as well.
    An expert is a man who has made all the mistakes which can be made.
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